Transcripts of the monetary policymaking body of the Federal Reserve from 2002–2008.

Thank you. Well, we appear to be in considerable agreement about the policy action. [Laughter] It is a good thing, I guess. Not only are we in agreement, but also the bond market is in agreement. [Laughter] I would just note that, in fact, the bond market is acting as an automatic stabilizer, responding to news, as we have discussed before. I think we are in a very good place, and our forecasting process has served us very well. In that respect, I think this might be an appropriate time to congratulate the staff, including Dave Stockton, Karen Johnson, Vincent Reinhart, and the research directors at the Reserve Banks who are here, for their tremendous contributions to this process, which has really been instrumental in helping us find the right level of policy and in building a lot of credibility in the market. So thank you very much for your outstanding work.

With respect to the statement also, I didn’t hear a lot of dissent. First of all, let me say that I think Governor Kohn’s amendments in section 3 are very much to the point— so that would be “a sustained moderation in inflation pressures.” First, the word “pressures” dilutes to some extent the attention to the monthly numbers. Second, as a number of people have said, it is a broader concept, and it can be construed as including some of the headline issues and the oil, commodities, and so on prices that we are concerned about. So I think it is definitely an improvement, and so I would like to recommend it.

On section 2, just a couple things. One is that I would hesitate to try to indicate growing strength in the second half, for a couple of reasons. First, at least in terms of the Greenbook, that acceleration is relatively modest—certainly not at all a definite uptick. By continuing to use the language of “moderate pace,” I think we signal that we are not going to take the second quarter as necessarily indicating a new reacceleration of growth. We think that the second quarter represents, at least partly, a transitory increase in the growth rate. Second, Professor Minehan [laughter] was correct about the quality of writing in the section. The last statement began with the term “economic growth.” I am kind of ambivalent about whether or not to do this, but we could say, “Economic growth appears to have been moderate during the first half of this year, despite the ongoing adjustment in the housing sector.”

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