Transcripts of the monetary policymaking body of the Federal Reserve from 2002–2008.

Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I agree with both the concerns that you expressed and the analysis that you offered. Based on the data we now have in hand, I support a 50 basis point reduction in the federal funds rate in the near future. I think a very good case can be made for moving down 25 basis points today, and it would be my preference. According to what Bill Dudley said, markets apparently do attach some probability to a move of that magnitude before the January meeting. I could also support a 50 basis point move today, but I am concerned that it might be taken as a sign of panic by the Committee and somehow wrongly indicate that we have inside information showing that things are even worse than markets already think or, alternatively, be seen as an overreaction to the employment report. But if we don’t move today, I do think we need to take decisive action in January, and I hope you will give a strong signal that we will do so in your speech.

I agree with the staff’s assessment that the outlook for economic growth has weakened since December, and I also see the downside risks to the forecast as having increased since then. We have revised down our 2008 forecast also because of the sharp increase in energy prices and the deterioration we have seen in financial conditions just since December. It is good that conditions in money markets have improved somewhat, but equity prices have fallen very substantially—I guess around 6 percent since our last meeting. Credit spreads are up, and borrowing rates for many borrowers are higher in spite of a decline in Treasury yields. I also find the labor market developments worrisome. I try not to put too much weight on any single monthly observation, but I find it entirely believable and consistent with everything else we are seeing that we have entered, at best, a period of slow employment growth. It is something that we have been expecting all along. It helps to resolve some of the puzzles we have been discussing about why labor markets have been so strong relative to goods markets.

It is true that consumer spending has been amazingly robust so far, but I find it unimaginable that it can continue when slow growth in disposable income is added to everything else that is weighing on households, particularly rising energy prices, accelerating declines in house prices, and falling stock prices. It seems to me that, with the stagnant or contracting labor market, the odds of a recession—and, as you argued, a potentially very nasty one—have risen. I am also very worried about the possibility of a credit crunch if higher job losses begins to make lenders pull back credit. It is true that on the inflation front the recent news hasn’t been particularly good. It certainly is true that there are upside risks. But I do take comfort from the fact that inflation compensation has remained well behaved and that we already have slack in the labor market and more seems likely to develop.

I support a significant rate cut not only because of the downgrade to the economic forecast since December but also because I think the stance of policy even now with the actions we have taken—I agree with you—is still within the neutral range. Given current prospects and the asymmetric nature of the risks, particularly the high tail risk associated with the credit crunch, I believe that policy should be clearly accommodative. So having revised down my forecast, I would support a significant funds rate cut as a way to catch up with where policy should be.

Keyboard shortcuts

j previous speech k next speech